Why do some people get a Nose bleed: Bloody Nose: The nose was built for bleeding a doctor once told me. He said the nose was filled with numerous blood vessels, and many of these are thin and are on the surface of the inside of the nose. It takes very little damage to break one of these blood vessels which can cause severe bleeding.
A smack or blow to the nose can lead to severe bleeding, as well as dry air in the winter causing the nose lining to crack, picking the nose can easily break a vessel, as well as blowing or even snuffing the nose.
The most important rule to follow when suffering a nose bleed is to stay as calm as possible, because the flow of blood will increase if panic sets in. You should sit down and lean forward, keeping the head at a level that is above the heart. The nose should be pinched firmly, just under the bridge and pressure maintained for ten minutes or so; this will enable a coagulation process to develop.
The good news is that almost all cases of nosebleeds in an otherwise healthy child are medically not serious. So why does my child get a nose bleed? The nose has a thin lining (mucosa) that covers blood vessels lying inside the nose.
Ice packs may be beneficial and can be applied to the bridge of the nose or the back of the neck.
A trial of oxymetazoline (Afrin) or phenylephrine (Neo-Synephrine), potent vasoconstrictors, may stop the bleeding. Only use as instructed on the label.
Apply a small amount of bacitracin ointment or Vaseline to a Q-tip and insert up into the nasal passages. Do not insert so high as to cause discomfort.
Run a humidifier during the winter months or put a pot of water in your bedroom. Be sure to change the water daily and follow all cleaning instructions to avoid a build-up of fungus.
Pinch your nose just below the bridge. There is a vein just below the nose bone that is the culprit in 99% of bloody noses. Pinching puts pressure on it, which arrests the bleeding and speeds the clotting process.
Find the two very slight depressions on the back of the skull, approximately four finger-widths from the base of the skull (in line with the tops of the ears) and four finger-widths from the mid-line of the back of the skull. If you had eyes in the back of your head, this is where they would be.
Blood in the stool
Not all problems associated with bloody stools are severe emergency. A bloody stool can be life-threatening if the stool becomes dark, foul-smelling blood and it is the only thing that is excreted from the rectum. This condition may be hemorrhagic gastroenteritis. Excessive blood in the stool could not be home treated. Seek veterinary help immediately.
If the stated tips are ineffective in controlling the bleeding and difficulty breathing is present, visit your vet immediately for specific tests to diagnose the cause of the problem.